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bergamot essential oil

  • Botanical (and family):
    Citrus Bergamia. Family Rutaceae
  • Distribution:
    Italy, Now Morocco and West Africa. May have originated in the Canary Islands.
  • Description of plant:
    A fifteen foot tree with long green leaves and white flowers.
  • Extraction:
    Cold expression of peels of nearly ripe fruit.
  • Charactersitics:
    Named after an Italian city, Bergamo, it is a green, mobile liquid of extremely rich, sweet-fruity initial odour, becoming oily-herbaceous and somewhat balsamic.
  • Odour effects:
  • Cautions:
    Highly photo-toxic. Avoid sunlight after use.
  • Main chemical constituents:
    Linalyl acetate - 40%
    Citral - 2%
    Beta-bisabolene - 1%
    Bergaptene - 6%
    Pinenes and limonene - 33%
  • Properties and indications:
    Number one choice for depession and anxiety. Seems to allay anger and frustration.
    Antiseptic for the urinary tract. Works well on the digestive tract. Casts out intestinal parasites and could assist in deminishing gall stones. Helpful with infections of the respiratory system.
    Benefits oily skin conditions, expecially stress-linked such as eczema, psoriasis, acne, scabies, herpes and seborrhoea.
  • Blends well with:
    Camomile, Coriander, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Juniperberry, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Neroli, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Ylang-Ylang.

More on bergamot

The origin and botany of Citrus bergamia seems to have been somewhat lost in the mists of time. It is an inedible fruit with a thin, tough green peel, ripening to a yellow colour. This tree, reaching 12 meters when wild, was found originally in a narrow strip of land in Southern Italy. The essential oil is gleaned by cold expression from the peel of almost ripe fruit. Good oils (i.e. natural) are a lovely deep green colour, and have a sweet fruity note, with an oily – herbaceous undertone. Many essential oil suppliers unwittingly supply adulterated or synthetic oil, as it is a necessary addition to virtually every fine fragrance. It is a major ingredient of eau-de–cologne. It is also used to impart a pleasant flavour to Earl Grey Tea.

This oil has a wonderful uplifting effect on the mind, and is also a good antiseptic. It is, however, phototoxic and care should be taken not to go into the sun after a bergamot massage or bath.